Related Publications: [Key annotated refs, bibliography]

The following is a non-exhaustive list of publications relating to plant pest barcoding which may be of interest to the plant protection community.

DNA Barcoding of Plant Pests

Abd-Rabou, S., Shalaby, H., Germain, J. F., Ris, N., Kreiter, P. & Malausa, T. (2012) Identification of mealybug pest species (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) in Egypt and France, using a DNA barcoding approach. Bulletin of Entomological Research, FirstView, 1-9.

Ahmed, M. Z., De Barro, P. J., Olleka, A., Ren, S. X., Mandour, N. S., Greeff, J. M. & Qiu, B. L. (2012) Use of consensus sequences and genetic networks to identify members of the Bemisia tabaci cryptic species complex in Egypt and Syria. Journal of Applied Entomology, 136, 510-519.

Armstrong, K. (2010) DNA barcoding: a new module in New Zealand’s plant biosecurity diagnostic toolbox. EPPO Bulletin, 40, 91-100.

Armstrong, K. F. & Ball, S. L. (2005) DNA barcodes for biosecurity: invasive species identification. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences, 360, 1813-1823.

Astrin, J. J., Stüben, P. E., Misof, B., Wägele, J. W., Gimnich, F., Raupach, M. J. & Ahrens, D. (2012) Exploring diversity in cryptorhynchine weevils (Coleoptera) using distance-, character- and tree-based species delineation. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 63, 1-14.

Ball, S. L. & Armstrong, K. F. (2006) DNA barcodes for insect pest identification: a test case with tussock moths (Lepidoptera : Lymantriidae). Canadian Journal of Forest Research-Revue Canadienne De Recherche Forestiere, 36, 337-350.

Ball, S. L. & Armstrong, K. F. (2008) Rapid, one-step DNA extraction for insect pest identification by using DNA barcodes. Journal of Economic Entomology, 101, 523-532.

Barr, N. B. & McPheron, B. A. (2006) Molecular phylogenetics of the genus Ceratitis (Diptera: Tephritidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 38, 216-230.

Barr, N. B., Islam, M. S., De Meyer, M. & McPheron, B. A. (2012) Molecular Identification of Ceratitis capitata (Diptera: Tephritidae) Using DNA Sequences of the COI Barcode Region. Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 105, 339-350.

Beltra, A., Soto, A. & Malausa, T. (2012) Molecular and morphological characterisation of Pseudococcidae surveyed on crops and ornamental plants in Spain. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 102, 165-172.

Blacket, M. J., Semeraro, L. & Malipatil, M. B. (2012) Barcoding Queensland Fruit Flies (Bactrocera tryoni): impediments and improvements. Molecular Ecology Resources, 12, 428-436.

Bonants, P., Groenewald, E., Rasplus, J. Y., Maes, M., De Vos, P., Frey, J., Boonham, N., Nicolaisen, M., Bertacini, A., Robert, V., Barker, I., Kox, L., Ravnikar, M., Tomankova, K., Caffier, D., Li, M., Armstrong, K., Freitas-Astúa, J., Stefani, E., Cubero, J. & Mostert, L. (2010) QBOL: a new EU project focusing on DNA barcoding of Quarantine organisms. EPPO Bulletin, 40, 30-33.

Boubou, A., Migeon, A., Roderick, G. K. & Navajas, M. (2011) Recent emergence and worldwide spread of the red tomato spider mite, Tetranychus evansi: genetic variation and multiple cryptic invasions. Biological Invasions, 13, 81-92.

Boykin, L. M., Armstrong, K. F., Kubatko, L. & Barro, P. D. (2011) Species Delimitation and Global Biosecurity. Evolutionary Bioinformatics, 8, 1.

Boykin, L. M., Shatters Jr, R. G., Rosell, R. C., McKenzie, C. L., Bagnall, R. A., De Barro, P. & Frohlich, D. R. (2007) Global relationships of Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) revealed using Bayesian analysis of mitochondrial COI DNA sequences. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 44, 1306-1319.

Brown, J. W., Segura, R., Santiago-Jimenez, Q., Rota, J. & Heard, T. A. (2011) Tortricid moths reared from the invasive weed Mexican palo verde, Parkinsonia aculeata, with comments on their host specificity, biology, geographic distribution, and systematics. Journal of Insect Science, 11.

Byun, B. K., Lee, B. W., Lee, E. S., Choi, D. S., Park, Y. M., Yang, C. Y., Lee, S. K. & Cho, S. (2012) A review of the genus Adoxophyes (Lepidoptera Tortricidae) in Korea, with description of A. paraorana sp nov. Animal Cells and Systems, 16, 154-161.

Castalanelli, M. A., Severtson, D. L., Brumley, C. J., Szito, A., Foottit, R. G., Grimm, M., Munyard, K. & Groth, D. M. (2010) A rapid non-destructive DNA extraction method for insects and other arthropods. Journal of Asia-Pacific Entomology, 13, 243-248.

Correa, M. C. G., Germain, J. F., Malausa, T. & Zaviezo, T. (2012) Molecular and morphological characterization of mealybugs (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) from Chilean vineyards. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 102, 524-530.

De Barro, P. J., Liu, S.-S., Boykin, L. M. & Dinsdale, A. B. (2011) Bemisia tabaci: A Statement of Species Status. Annual Review of Entomology, 56, 1-19.

Dehnen-Schmutz, K., Holdenrieder, O., Jeger, M. J. & Pautasso, M. (2010) Structural change in the international horticultural industry: Some implications for plant health. Scientia Horticulturae, 125, 1-15.

Deng, J., Yu, F., Zhang, T. X., Hu, H. Y., Zhu, C. D., Wu, S. A. & Zhang, Y. Z. (2012) DNA barcoding of six Ceroplastes species (Hemiptera: Coccoidea: Coccidae) from China. Molecular Ecology Resources, 12, 791-796.

Desneux, N., Starý, P., Delebecque, C. J., Gariepy, T. D., Barta, R. J., Hoelmer, K. A. & Heimpel, G. E. (2009) Cryptic Species of Parasitoids Attacking the Soybean Aphid (Hemiptera: Aphididae) in Asia: Binodoxys communis and Binodoxys koreanus (Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Aphidiinae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 102, 925-936.

deWaard, J. R., Humble, L. M. & Schmidt, B. C. (2010a) DNA barcoding identifies the first North American records of the Eurasian moth, Eupithecia pusillata (Lepidoptera: Geometridae). Journal of the Entomological Society of British Columbia, 107, 25-33.

deWaard, J. R., Landry, J. F., Schmidt, B. C., Derhousoff, J., McLean, J. A. & Humble, L. M. (2009) In the dark in a large urban park: DNA barcodes illuminate cryptic and introduced moth species. Biodiversity and Conservation, 18, 3825-3839.

deWaard, J. R., Mitchell, A., Keena, M. A., Gopurenko, D., Boykin, L. M., Armstrong, K. F., Pogue, M. G., Lima, J., Floyd, R., Hanner, R. H. & Humble, L. M. (2010b) Towards a Global Barcode Library for Lymantria (Lepidoptera: Lymantriinae) Tussock Moths of Biosecurity Concern. Plos One, 5.

Dinsdale, A., Cook, L., Riginos, C., Buckley, Y. M. & Barro, P. D. (2010) Refined Global Analysis of Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: Sternorrhyncha: Aleyrodoidea: Aleyrodidae) Mitochondrial Cytochrome Oxidase 1 to Identify Species Level Genetic Boundaries. Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 103, 196-208.

Dowling, A. P. G., Ochoa, R., Beard, J. J., Welbourn, W. C. & Ueckermann, E. A. (2012) Phylogenetic investigation of the genus Raoiella (Prostigmata: Tenuipalpidae): diversity, distribution, and world invasions. Experimental and Applied Acarology, 57, 257-269.

Eastwood, R., Boyce, S. L. & Farrell, B. D. (2006) The provenance of Old World swallowtail butterflies, Papilio demoleus (Lepidoptera : Papilionidae), recently discovered in the New World. Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 99, 164-168.

Floyd, R., Lima, J., deWaard, J., Humble, L. & Hanner, R. (2010) Common goals: policy implications of DNA barcoding as a protocol for identification of arthropod pests. Biological Invasions, 12.

Foottit, R. G., Lowery, D. T., Maw, H. E. L., Smirle, M. J. & Lushai, G. (2009a) Identification, distribution, and molecular characterization of the apple aphids Aphis pomi and Aphis spiraecola (Hemiptera: Aphididae: Aphidinae). Canadian Entomologist, 141, 478-495.

Foottit, R. G., Maw, H. E. L., Havill, N. P., Ahern, R. G. & Montgomery, M. E. (2009b) DNA barcodes to identify species and explore diversity in the Adelgidae (Insecta: Hemiptera: Aphidoidea). Molecular Ecology Resources, 9, 188-195.

Foottit, R. G., Maw, H. E. L., Von Dohlen, C. D. & Hebert, P. D. N. (2008) Species identification of aphids (Insecta: Hemiptera: Aphididae) through DNA barcodes. Molecular Ecology Resources, 8, 1189-1201.

Frey J., Guillen L., Frey B., Samietz J., Rull J., Aluja M. (2013) Developing diagnostic SNP panels for the identification of true fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) within the limits of COI-based species delimitation. BMC Evolutionary Biology 13:106.

Germain J.-F., Chatot C., Meusnier I., Artige E., Rasplus J.-Y., Cruaud A. (2013) Molecular identification of Epitrix potato flea beetles (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) in Europe and North America. Bulletin of Entomological Research 103:354-362. DOI: 10.1017/s000748531200079x.

Glover, R. H., Collins, D. W., Walsh, K. & Boonham, N. (2010) Assessment of loci for DNA barcoding in the genus Thrips (Thysanoptera:Thripidae). Molecular Ecology Resources, 10, 51-59.

Greenstone, M. H., Vandenberg, N. J. & Hu, J. H. (2011) Barcode haplotype variation in north American agroecosystem lady beetles (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae). Molecular Ecology Resources, 11, 629-37.

Hajibabaei, M., Janzen, D. H., Burns, J. M., Hallwachs, W. & Hebert, P. D. N. (2006) DNA Barcodes Distinguish Species of Tropical Lepidoptera. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 103, 968-971.

Hansen, J. A., Klingeman, W. E., Moulton, J. K., Oliver, J. B., Windham, M. T., Zhang, A. & Trigiano, R. N. (2012) Molecular Identification of Synanthedonini Members (Lepidoptera: Sesiidae) Using Cytochrome Oxidase I. Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 105, 520-528.

Hebert, P. D. N., deWaard, J. R. & Landry, J. F. (2009) DNA barcodes for 1/1000 of the animal kingdom. Biology Letters, 6, 359-362.

Humble, L. M., deWaard, J. R. & Quinn, M. (2009) Delayed recognition of the European poplar shoot borer, Gypsonoma aceriana (Duponchel) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae), in Canada. Journal of the Entomological Society of British Columbia, 106, 61-71.

Jackson, M. D., Marshall, S. A., Hanner, R. & Norrbom, A. L. (2011) The fruit flies (Tephritidae) of Ontario. Canadian Journal of Arthropod Identification, 15, 1-251.

Jeyaprakash, A. & Hoy, M. A. (2010) A DNA extraction procedure that allows mite specimens to be slide mounted: phytoseiid species evaluated as a model. Experimental and Applied Acarology, 52, 131-140.

Jiang F., Li Z.H., Deng Y.L., Wu J.J., Liu R.S., Buahom N. (2013) Rapid diagnosis of the economically important fruit fly, Bactrocera correcta (Diptera: Tephritidae) based on a species-specific barcoding cytochrome oxidase I marker. Bulletin of Entomological Research 103:363-371. DOI: 10.1017/s0007485312000806.

Jung, S., Duwal, R. K. & Lee, S. (2011) COI barcoding of true bugs (Insecta, Heteroptera). Molecular Ecology Resources, 11, 266-270.

Kenis, M., Rabitsch, W., Auger-Rozenberg, M. A. & Roques, A. (2007) How can alien species inventories and interception data help us prevent insect invasions? Bulletin of Entomological Research, 97, 489-502.

Khamis, F. M., Masiga, D. K., Mohamed, S. A., Salifu, D., de Meyer, M. & Ekesi, S. (2012) Taxonomic Identity of the Invasive Fruit Fly Pest, Bactrocera invadens: Concordance in Morphometry and DNA Barcoding. Plos One, 7.

Lee, W. & Lee, S. (2012) Unexpected problem in aphid DNA barcoding by universal primers. Entomological Science, 15, 121-126.

Lee, W., Kim, H., Lim, J., Choi, H. R., Kim, Y., Kim, Y. S., Ji, J. Y., Foottit, R. G. & Lee, S. (2011) Barcoding aphids (Hemiptera: Aphididae) of the Korean Peninsula: updating the global data set. Molecular Ecology Resources, 11, 32-37.

Lee, W., Koh, S.-H., Il Choi, W., Jung, C. S., Kim, I.-K., Byun, B.-K., Lee, B.-W., Kim, Y.-S., Lim, J., Kim, S., Akimoto, S.-i. & Lee, S. (2012) Barcoding forest insect pests in South Korea: Constructing a basic endemic species dataset. Journal of Asia-Pacific Entomology, 15, 363-368.

Lees, D. C., Lack, H. W., Rougerie, R., Hernandez-Lopez, A., Raus, T., Avtzis, N. D., Augustin, S. & Lopez-Vaamonde, C. (2011) Tracking origins of invasive herbivores through herbaria and archival DNA: the case of the horse-chestnut leaf miner. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 9, 322-328.

Li, G. Q., Xue, X. F., Zhang, K. J. & Hong, X. Y. (2010) Identification and molecular phylogeny of agriculturally important spider mites (Acari: Tetranychidae) based on mitochondrial and nuclear ribosomal DNA sequences, with an emphasis on Tetranychus. Zootaxa, 1-15.

Liebhold, A. M., Brockerhoff, E. G., Garrett, L. J., Parke, J. L. & Britton, K. O. (2012) Live plant imports: the major pathway for forest insect and pathogen invasions of the US. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 10, 135-143.

Liu, D., Trumble, J. T. & Stouthamer, R. (2006) Genetic differentiation between eastern populations and recent introductions of potato psyllid (Bactericera cockerelli) into western North America. Entomologia Experimentalis Et Applicata, 118, 177-183.

Liu, S.-S., Zhang, G.-F., Wu, Q., Zhang, A.-B., Wang, J.-J. & Wan, F.-H. (2012) Establishment and application of DNA barcoding technology for identification of the immatures and adult debris of Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel) (Diptera: Tephritidae). Acta Entomologica Sinica, 55, 336-343.

Margam, V. M., Coates, B. S., Ba, M. N., Sun, W. L., Binso-Dabire, C. L., Baoua, I., Ishiyaku, M. F., Shukle, J. T., Hellmich, R. L., Covas, F. G., Ramasamy, S., Armstrong, J., Pittendrigh, B. R. & Murdock, L. L. (2011) Geographic distribution of phylogenetically-distinct legume pod borer, Maruca vitrata (Lepidoptera: Pyraloidea: Crambidae). Molecular Biology Reports, 38, 893-903.

Mathur, S., Cook, M. A., Sinclair, B. J. & Fitzpatrick, S. M. (2012) DNA barcodes suggest cryptic speciation in Dasineura oxycoccana (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) on cranberry, Vaccinium macrocarpon, and blueberry, V. corymbosum. Florida Entomologist, 95, 387-394.

McKenzie, C. L., Bethke, J. A., Byrne, F. J., Chamberlin, J. R., Dennehy, T. J., Dickey, A. M., Gilrein, D., Hall, P. M., Ludwig, S., Oetting, R. D., Osborne, L. S., Schmale, L. & Shatters, R. G. (2012) Distribution of Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) Biotypes in North America After the Q Invasion. Journal of Economic Entomology, 105, 753-766.

McKenzie, C. L., Hodges, G., Osborne, L. S., Byrne, F. J. & Shatters, R. G. (2009) Distribution of Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) Biotypes in Florida-Investigating the Q Invasion. Journal of Economic Entomology, 102, 670-676.

Miller, G. L., Favret, C., Carmichael, A. & Voegtlin, D. J. (2009) Is There a Cryptic Species Within Aulacorthum solani (Hemiptera: Aphididae) ? Journal of Economic Entomology, 102, 398-400.

Nagoshi, R. N., Brambila, J. & Meagher, R. L. (2011) Use of DNA barcodes to identify invasive armyworm Spodoptera species in Florida. Journal of Insect Science, 11.

Park, D. S., Suh, S. J., Hebert, P. D. N., Oh, H. W. & Hong, K. J. (2011b) DNA barcodes for two scale insect families, mealybugs (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) and armored scales (Hemiptera: Diaspididae). Bulletin of Entomological Research, 101, 429-34.

Park, D. S., Suh, S. J., Oh, H. W. & Hebert, P. D. N. (2010) Recovery of the mitochondrial COI barcode region in diverse Hexapoda through tRNA-based primers. Bmc Genomics, 11.

Park, D.-S., Foottit, R., Maw, E. & Hebert, P. D. N. (2011a) Barcoding Bugs: DNA-Based Identification of the True Bugs (Insecta: Hemiptera: Heteroptera). Plos One, 6, e18749.

Piffaretti, J., Vanlerberghe-Masutti, F., Tayeh, A., Clamens, A. L., Coeur d'Acier, A. & Jousselin, E. (2012) Molecular phylogeny reveals the existence of two sibling species in the aphid pest Brachycaudus helichrysi (Hemiptera: Aphididae). Zoologica Scripta, 41, 266-280.

Qiao, W.-N., Wan, F.-H., Zhang, A.-B., Min, L. & Zhang, G.-F. (2012) Application of DNA barcoding technology for species identification of common thrips (Insecta: Thysanoptera) in China. Acta Entomologica Sinica, 55, 344-356.

Rakauskas, R. & Bašilova, J. (2012) Barcoding of aphids (Hemiptera, Aphididae and Adelgidae): proper usage of the global data set. Molecular Ecology Resources.

Rebijith, K. B., Asokan, R., Kumar, N. K. K., Srikumar, K. K., Ramamurthy, V. V. & Bhat, P. S. (2012) DNA Barcoding and Development of Species-Specific Markers for the Identification of Tea Mosquito Bugs (Miridae: Heteroptera) in India. Environmental Entomology, 41, 1239-1245.

Ros, V. I. D. & Breeuwer, J. A. J. (2007) Spider mite (Acari : Tetranychidae) mitochondrial COI phylogeny reviewed: host plant relationships, phylogeography, reproductive parasites and barcoding. Experimental and Applied Acarology, 42, 239-262.

Rugman-Jones, P. F., Hoddle, M. S. & Stouthamer, R. (2010) Nuclear-Mitochondrial Barcoding Exposes the Global Pest Western Flower Thrips (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) as Two Sympatric Cryptic Species in Its Native California. Journal of Economic Entomology, 103, 877-886.

Schiff, N. M., Goulet, H., Smith, D. R., Boudreault, C., Wilson, A. D. & Scheffler, B. E. (2012) Siricidae (Hymenoptera: Symphyta: Siricoidea) of the Western Hemisphere. Canadian Journal of Arthropod Identification, 21, 1-305.

Shatters, R. G., Powell, C. A., Boykin, L. M., Liansheng, H. & McKenzie, C. L. (2009) Improved DNA Barcoding Method for Bemisia tabaci and Related Aleyrodidae: Development of Universal and Bemisia tabaci Biotype-Specific Mitochondrial Cytochrome c Oxidase I Polymerase Chain Reaction Primers. Journal of Economic Entomology, 102, 750-758.

Skoracka A., Kuczynski L., Szydlo W., Rector B. (2013) The wheat curl mite Aceria tosichella (Acari: Eriophyoidea) is a complex of cryptic lineages with divergent host ranges: evidence from molecular and plant bioassay data. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 109:165-180. DOI: 10.1111/bij.12024.

Skoracka, A. & Dabert, M. (2010) The cereal rust mite Abacarus hystrix (Acari: Eriophyoidea) is a complex of species: evidence from mitochondrial and nuclear DNA sequences. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 100, 263-272.

Sorvari, J., Harkonen, S. K. & Vesterinen, E. J. (2012) First record of an indoor pest sawtoothed grain beetle Oryzaephilus surinamensis (Coleoptera: Silvanidae) from wild outdoor wood ant nest. Entomologica Fennica, 23, 69-71.

Tixier, M. S., Okassa, M., Liguori, M., Poinso, A., Salerno, B. & Kreiter, S. (2010) Voucher specimens for DNA sequences of Phytoseiid mites (Acari: Mesostigmata). Acarologia, 50, 487-494.

Tixier, M.-S., Okassa, M. & Kreiter, S. (2012) An integrative morphological and molecular diagnostics for Typhlodromus pyri (Acari: Phytoseiidae). Zoologica Scripta, 41, 68-78.

Toju, H. & Fukatsu, T. (2011) Diversity and infection prevalence of endosymbionts in natural populations of the chestnut weevil: relevance of local climate and host plants. Molecular Ecology, 20, 853-868.

van Nieukerken, E., Wagner, D., Baldessari, M., Mazzon, L., Angeli, G., Girolami, V., Duso, C. & Doorenweerd, C. (2012) Antispila oinophylla new species (Lepidoptera, Heliozelidae), a new North American grapevine leafminer invading Italian vineyards: taxonomy, DNA barcodes and life cycle. ZooKeys, 170, 29-77.

Vanninen, I., Worner, S., Huusela-Veistola, E., Tuovinen, T., Nissinen, A. & Saikkonen, K. (2011) Recorded and potential alien invertebrate pests in Finnish agriculture and horticulture. Agricultural and Food Science, 20, 96-113.

Virgilio, M., Jordaens, K., Breman, F. C., Backeljau, T. & De Meyer, M. (2012) Identifying Insects with Incomplete DNA Barcode Libraries, African Fruit Flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) as a Test Case. Plos One, 7, e31581.

Vovlas, N., Troccoli, A., Palomares-Rius, J. E., De Luca, F., Liebanas, G., Landa, B. B., Subbotin, S. A. & Castillo, P. (2011) Ditylenchus gigas n. sp. parasitizing broad bean: a new stem nematode singled out from the Ditylenchus dipsaci species complex using a polyphasic approach with molecular phylogeny. Plant Pathology, 60, 762-775.

Wilson, A. D. & Schiff, N. M. (2010) Identification of Sirex noctilio and Native North American Woodwasp Larvae using DNA Barcode. Journal of Entomology, 7, 60-79.

Yassin, A., Capy, P., Madi-Ravazzi, L., Ogereau, D. & David, J. R. (2008) DNA barcode discovers two cryptic species and two geographical radiations in the invasive drosophilid Zaprionus indianus. Molecular Ecology Resources, 8, 491-501.

Zhou, C. Q., Kandemir, I., Walsh, D. B., Zalom, F. G. & Lavine, L. C. (2012) Identification of Lygus hesperus by DNA Barcoding Reveals Insignificant Levels of Genetic Structure among Distant and Habitat Diverse Populations. Plos One, 7.

Plant Pest Regulation and Management

Aukema, J. E., Leung, B., Kovacs, K., Chivers, C., Britton, K. O., Englin, J., Frankel, S. J., Haight, R. G., Holmes, T. P., Liebhold, A. M., McCullough, D. G. & Von Holle, B. (2011) Economic Impacts of Non-Native Forest Insects in the Continental United States. Plos One, 6, e24587.

Aukema, J. E., McCullough, D. G., Holle, B. V., Liebhold, A. M., Britton, K. & Frankel, S. J. (2010) Historical Accumulation of Nonindigenous Forest Pests in the Continental United States. Bioscience, 60, 886-897.

Baayen, R. P. & Arijs, H. (2011) Evaluation and review of the European Union’s plant health regime. EPPO Bulletin, 41, 57-58.

Brasier, C. M. (2008) The biosecurity threat to the UK and global environment from international trade in plants. Plant Pathology, 57, 792-808.

Britton, K. O., Parke, J. L., Garrett, L. J., Lowenstein, F. & Nuding, A. (2011) Pest interceptions on live plants at US ports of entry: A system overwhelmed. Phytopathology, 101, S20-S20.

Caton, B. P., Dobbs, T. T. & Brodel, C. F. (2006) Arrivals of Hitchhiking Insect Pests on International Cargo Aircraft at Miami International Airport. Biological Invasions, 8, 765-785.

de Hoop, M. B. (2011) Regulated non-quarantine pests: fact or fiction? The use and limitations of this concept for phytosanitary measures. Bulletin OEPP, 41, 59-64.

FAO (2006). ISPM No. 27 Diagnostic Protocols for Regulated Pests. International Standards for Phytosanitary Measures.

FAO (2007). ISPM No. 2: Framework For Pest Risk Analysis. Rome: Secretariat of the International Plant Protection Convention.

FAO. (2011) Internation Plant Protection Convention [Online]. Available: [Accessed 12/11/2011 2011].

MacLeod, A., Pautasso, M., Jeger, M. J. & Haines-Young, R. (2010) Evolution of the international regulation of plant pests and challenges for future plant health. Food Security, 2, 49-70.

Magarey, R. D., Colunga-Garcia, M. & Fieselmann, D. A. (2009) Plant Biosecurity in the United States: Roles, Responsibilities, and Information Needs. Bioscience, 59, 875-884.

McCullough, D. G., Work, T. T., Cavey, J. F., Liebhold, A. M. & Marshall, D. (2006) Interceptions of Nonindigenous Plant Pests at US Ports of Entry and Border Crossings Over a 17-year Period. Biological Invasions, 8, 611-630.